Home range

  • Only travel 20-30 km from camp to feed.


  • Coastal Queensland from Tully to the tip of Cape York and islands in Torres Strait.
  • Spectacled flying-foxes are generally found in or around rainforests and sometimes in mangroves associated with black flying-foxes.


  • Spectacled flying-foxes have distinctive straw-coloured fur around the eyes which gives them their name.
  • Eye rings can sometimes be indistinct and they will look similar to black flying-foxes.
  • Pale fur on shoulders can vary between individuals.
  • Average weight 500-1000 g.
  • Head-body length 220-240 mm.


  • Tall rainforests, gallery forest, mangroves or paperbark forests.


Life history and behaviour

  • Little is known about the life span of spectacled flying-foxes in the wild but can live in captivity for 17 years.
  • Usually, roost in single-species camps.
  • Territorial and aggressive at rich food resources.
  • Forage only during the night.


  • Mating is common throughout the first half of the year but conception only in March-May, single young born October-December.
  • Mothers give birth upside down and carry the young for 3-4 weeks.
  • Older young stay at the camp until they start to fly.


  • Specialist fruit eater that feeds mostly on rainforest fruits, some eucalyptus nectar and pollen.
  • Disperses seeds of at least 26 species of rainforest canopy trees.